Witchology, the history of Wicca & Witchcraft

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That's what this website is here to find out. Witchology.com is the website of WICA - the Witchcraft Information Centre and Archive - founded in 1999 as a research and education provider specialising in the areas of Witchcraft, Wicca, Paganism, Magic (Magick) and the Occult. We have been online continuously since 2000.

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The Supernatural"The Supernatural is the perfect introduction to the world of all things eerie, inexplicable and otherworldly." - Jason Karl, Most Haunted

Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History"Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History is an engaging book which deserves to be the benchmark for all future analyses of the Craft." More

Faustus: The Life and Times of a Renaissance Magician"Dr Ruickbie has re-evaluated the Faust tradition from a position of authority. A work of meticulous scholarship that can be read as a gripping page-turner." More

Open Source WiccaHistories of the Barbarians: Vandals, Goths and FranksBeowulf in Anglo-Saxon and English Translation

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Walpurgisnacht Beltane Sabbat

April Fool's to Walpurgisnacht

Sacred rites of Venus and cross-dressing for fun mark the beginning of April.

Pagan Festivals and Holy Days in April


The name April is derived from Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love who was known to the Romans as Venus. The Kalends of April are sacred to Venus, as is the entire month. The month begins with the Veneralia, public games, called ludi, would be held in honour of Venus. This day was also known as All Fools Day to the Romans, and they would spend the entire day celebrating with comic hilarity, doing things backwards, wearing women's clothes, dancing in the streets, and generally carrying on in the most in the most good-natured and absurd way possible. This is one of the few Roman holidays that has preserved some of its original character, under the modern name April Fools Day.

April is the season of opening. The Anglo-Saxon name for April is Eastermonath. The Frank name is Ostarmanoth. Modern followers of Asatru call it Ostara. The custom of playing tricks on people on All Fool's Day is in the tradition of the trickster. In every stable society, in order that things do not become to rigid, there are periods when misrule is permitted for a short, well-defined time. On the 1st of April in the Northern Tradition the trickster God Loki is patron deity, reigning over the fun and games.

The month ends with Walpurgisnacht, a festival sacred to the goddess Freya and the god Baldur. Representing the return of summer, it is a time when fires are lit for people to jump over purifying themselves in the smoke and flame for the coming summer. The traditional name for these fires are 'Baldur's balefires'. In modern Norse traditions, the runes symbolizing this celebration are Mannaz representing intellect, Laguz for the intuition and Inguz, the integration of the two.

Roman Calendar

  • 1 - Veneralia
        - Women's festival of Fortuna Virilis
  • 3 - Proserpina's rise from the Underworld
        - Day sacred to Bona Dea (from sunset to sunset)
  • 4 - Festival of Magna Mater (Megalesia) begins
  • 5 - Festival of Fortuna
  • 10 - Festival of Magna Mater ends
  • 11 - "Diana's Bread" baked today
  • 12 - Festival of Cerealia begins
  • 13 - Festival of Libertas
  • 15 - Festival of Tellus Mater (Fordicalia)
  • 19 - Festival of Cerealia ends
  • 21 - Paralia
        - Festival of the foundation of Rome
  • 22 - Festival of Jupiter and Juno
  • 23 - Vinalia
  • 25 - Festival of Robigalia
  • 28 - Festival of Floralia begins
  • 30 - Festival of Floralia ends

Other Dates

  • 1: April Fool's Day
  • 1: Birthday of Hathor (Egyptian)
  • 3: Birthday of Buddha (Buddhist)
  • 5: Tomb Sweeping Day (Chinese)
  • 7: Feast of the Kindly Ones (Norse)
  • 11: Feast of San Leo (Mexican)
  • 13: Baisakhi (Hindu)
  • 14: Sommarsblot (Norse)
  • 20: Yaqui Pagean (Native American)
  • 22: Earth Day (Secular/Pagan)
  • 23: Day of Sigurd, Dragonslayer (Norse)
  • 26: Flower Parades (Dutch)
  • 30: Walpurgisnacht (Germanic)

Recommended Reading

Witchcraft Out of the Shadows by Leo Ruickbie

Witchcraft History If you knew that there was one book that would change the history of witchcraft would you want to read it? Contains new analyses, fresh insights and previously unpublished material from the author's PhD research.

Wicca in the context of historical witchcraft from Ancient Greece to the Witch Hunts.

"Witchcraft out of the Shadows is an engaging book which deserves to be the benchmark for all future analyses of the Craft." - Alan Richardson

Explore the history of witchcraft



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