Witchology, the history of Wicca & Witchcraft
by Dr Leo Ruickbie

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Read Dr Ruickbie on witchcraft and magic in Paranormal magazine.

What is Witchcraft?

That's what this website is here to find out. Witchology.com is the website of WICA - the Witchcraft Information Centre and Archive - founded in 1999 by Dr Leo Ruickbie as a research and education provider specialising in the areas of Witchcraft, Wicca, Paganism, Magic (Magick) and the Occult. We have been online continuously since 2000.

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About Leo Ruickbie's Books:

The Supernatural"The Supernatural is the perfect introduction to the world of all things eerie, inexplicable and otherworldly." - Jason Karl, Most Haunted
Coming in 2012!

Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History"Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History is an engaging book which deserves to be the benchmark for all future analyses of the Craft." More

Faustus: The Life and Times of a Renaissance Magician"Dr Ruickbie has re-evaluated the Faust tradition from a position of authority. A work of meticulous scholarship that can be read as a gripping page-turner." More


Open Source WiccaHistories of the Barbarians: Vandals, Goths and FranksBeowulf in Anglo-Saxon and English Translation


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Witchcraft Out of the Shadows

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Witchcraft in Ancient Greece

History of Witchcraft & Wicca

Beginning with the pre-eminent goddess of witchcraft, Hecate, we explore the character of ancient witchcraft through the mythological figures of Circe and Medea. How did Hecate become Goddess of the Underworld? Who are Circe and Medea? Why are such cruel and fantastic women associated with witchcraft?

Witchcraft in Ancient Greece

Extract from Leo Ruickbie's Witchcraft Out of the Shadows

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1. The Birthplace of All Sorceries: Witchcraft, Witches and Goddesses in Ancient Greece


Witchcraft has no origin, it has always been with us. Yet like the roots of our very civilisation itself we can trace where it has come from and how it has developed over the millennia. And as with our civilisation, so too do many of our ideas about witchcraft find their most identifiable beginnings in Ancient Greece.


The birthplace of all sorceries and enchantments, that was what the writer Apuleius called the province of Thessaly in Greece. Thessaly was a rural district much noted for its peculiarities, including Mount Olympus, the home of the gods, but sorcery and enchantment were not confined there. Everywhere in the Ancient Greek world there was magic and everywhere there was magic there were those who worked it. Lying where it does, jutting out into the Mediterranean, Greece was a launch-pad for trading across the known world and an antenna for all its faiths and philosophies. The wandering heroes of Greece came into contact with the Magi (magoi) of Persia, the Priests of Egypt and stranger peoples at the edges of the world, and learned their forbidden arts and came to worship their strangest gods.


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