Witchology, the history of Wicca & Witchcraft
Study and learn the history of Witchcraft,
What is Witchcraft?
That's what this website is here to find out. Witchology.com is the website of WICA - the Witchcraft Information Centre and Archive - founded in 1999 as a research and education provider specialising in the areas of Witchcraft, Wicca, Paganism, Magic (Magick) and the Occult. We have been online continuously since 2000.
WICA Recommended by:
Nicht ganz so elitär, dafür aber bequem übers Internet zu erreichen ist die einzige offizielle Zauberschule im Netz. (L!VE Magazine, 2002)
From Witchology.com Visitors:
You have a great site... (Ed, 11 June 2003)
Get Involved with WICA:
Want to investigate magic (Magick), review a grimoire, or write for this website? We are looking for people to join us in our work. Whatever your level of skill or experience you can help.
Other Opportunities at WICA:
Want to make some money? We'll help you do it now.
Free Witchcraft Newsletter:
Plus special offers, secret events and a free gift! Enter your e-mail address and click the button to get the free newsletter.
Spread the Word about WICA:
Witchcraft to Go:
History of Witchcraft & Wicca
The Witches of the European Dark Ages come flying towards us out of the past's stygian mire in a wild cavalcade, riding devils and broomsticks, followed by black cats and toads to be consumed in the fires, not of Hell, but of fear and hatred, greed and lust.
Witchcraft in Medieval Europe
Extract from Leo Ruickbie's Witchcraft Out of the Shadows
3. South of Heaven: Witchcraft in Mediaeval and Early Modern Europe
The Witches of the European Dark Ages come flying towards us out of the past’s Stygian mire in a wild cavalcade, riding devils and broomsticks, followed by black cats and poisonous toads to be consumed in the fires, not of Hell, but of fear and hatred, greed and lust. For all they lived and for all they died, too often too soon and too horribly, they were only part real, part invented. Worshippers of strange gods, healers with strange powers, they come from stranger times when rumour and suspicion were judge and executioner, when fear and loathing were law and order.
We have already seen how what was later called the witch was regarded in earlier times from ancient Greek goddesses and priestesses to Roman hags, and from revered Volvas to despised fomenters of ruin. These complex, diverse, ambiguous and at times confused images from myth and folklore and everyday life formed the blueprint for the construction of the diabolical witch who, in league with the Arch-Fiend, was bent on the destruction of Christendom. At first these figures, both the people themselves, the Hecatean priestesses and far-seeing Volvas, and the beliefs connected to them, formed the front-line in the battle against Christian missionaries and Christianising conquerors. Their practices were outlawed and the beliefs connected to them declared false. However, the persistence of these beliefs and pracctices could, under Christian interpretation, mean only one thing: Satanic rebellion. As the Bible has it: “rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft” (1 Sam. 15:23).
The process did not happen over-night and did not take the same form in every corner of Europe. However, a curve can be drawn from initial Pagan persecution to a high-point of Christian heresy
Formatting may differ from the print edition.
Find Out More
Get Witchcraft Out of the Shadows
Hardback 2004 1st Edition (sold out)
Paperback 2011 2nd Edition
Click on any of the icons below to share with your friends and contacts. Spread the message on Witchcraft and Wicca.