Witchology, the history of Wicca & Witchcraft
by Dr Leo Ruickbie

Study and learn the history of Witchcraft, Wicca, Paganism, Magic and the Occult with our courses and resources

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Read Dr Ruickbie on witchcraft and magic in Paranormal magazine.

What is Witchcraft?

That's what this website is here to find out. Witchology.com is the website of WICA - the Witchcraft Information Centre and Archive - founded in 1999 by Dr Leo Ruickbie as a research and education provider specialising in the areas of Witchcraft, Wicca, Paganism, Magic (Magick) and the Occult. We have been online continuously since 2000.

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About Leo Ruickbie's Books:

The Supernatural"The Supernatural is the perfect introduction to the world of all things eerie, inexplicable and otherworldly." - Jason Karl, Most Haunted
Coming in 2012!

Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History"Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History is an engaging book which deserves to be the benchmark for all future analyses of the Craft." More

Faustus: The Life and Times of a Renaissance Magician"Dr Ruickbie has re-evaluated the Faust tradition from a position of authority. A work of meticulous scholarship that can be read as a gripping page-turner." More


Open Source WiccaHistories of the Barbarians: Vandals, Goths and FranksBeowulf in Anglo-Saxon and English Translation


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Revival of Witchcraft - Crowley, Aradia, Murray

History of Witchcraft & Wicca

The European witch-hunts were over, but in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries witchcraft was re-examined, re-interpreted and re-invented. We explore the role of the Golden Dawn, Aradia, Aleister Crowley and Margaret A. Murray.

The Revival of Witchcraft and Magic

Extract from Leo Ruickbie's Witchcraft Out of the Shadows

text / image

4. Celtic Twilight and Golden Dawn: The Origins of the Modern Religion of Witchcraft


The European witch-hunts were over, but witchcraft and the idea of witchcraft would never die out. In the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries witchcraft was re-examined, re-interpreted and, ultimately, re-invented.


The fear of magic that resulted in the witch-hunts had always been accompanied by an interest in, if not a fascination with, magic. Even whilst witches were rounded up in their hundreds for trial and execution, people practised the forbidden art, cunningmen and wise-women in the lower strata of society, astrologers and alchemist in the upper levels. Even as Elizabeth I passed her own Witchcraft Act she consulted with her court astrologer and magical adept John Dee. As the Inquisitors’ fires guttered and went out, as the judges turned sceptic and the torturers found themselves unemployed there arose a great fascination and intrigue with the secret mystical society.


Rosicrucians, Illuminati and Freemasons congregated to work their secret rites, drawing royal, noble and common alike into their ranks. The danger of such associations diminished rapidly as the judge’s gravel came down on the last witch trials, but the thrill was undeniably attractive, the promise just as compelling.


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Get Witchcraft Out of the Shadows

Hardback 2004 1st Edition (sold out)

Paperback 2011 2nd Edition

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