Witchology, the history of Wicca & Witchcraft
by Dr Leo Ruickbie

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Read Dr Ruickbie on witchcraft and magic in Paranormal magazine.

What is Witchcraft?

That's what this website is here to find out. Witchology.com is the website of WICA - the Witchcraft Information Centre and Archive - founded in 1999 by Dr Leo Ruickbie as a research and education provider specialising in the areas of Witchcraft, Wicca, Paganism, Magic (Magick) and the Occult. We have been online continuously since 2000.

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About Leo Ruickbie's Books:

The Supernatural"The Supernatural is the perfect introduction to the world of all things eerie, inexplicable and otherworldly." - Jason Karl, Most Haunted
Coming in 2012!

Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History"Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History is an engaging book which deserves to be the benchmark for all future analyses of the Craft." More

Faustus: The Life and Times of a Renaissance Magician"Dr Ruickbie has re-evaluated the Faust tradition from a position of authority. A work of meticulous scholarship that can be read as a gripping page-turner." More


Open Source WiccaHistories of the Barbarians: Vandals, Goths and FranksBeowulf in Anglo-Saxon and English Translation


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Wiccan Beliefs

History of Witchcraft & Wicca

Even today, long after the horrors of the witch trials, people still think they worship the Devil despite their protestations to the contrary, but the question is: what do today's Witches worship? What are the Wiccan's beliefs? What are the mystical experiences that shape those beliefs? And how are these expressed in Wiccan ritual?

Beliefs and Mystical Experience in Modern Witchcraft

Extract from Leo Ruickbie's Witchcraft Out of the Shadows

text / image

8. Calling Down the Moon: Belief and Experience in the Modern Religion of Witchcraft


'If I command the moon, it will come down; and if I wish to withhold the day, night will linger over my head...'1


Whilst the Witches of the ancient world really were thought to be able to draw the moon down from the heavens, today’s Witches see little benefit in pulling the earth’s satellite out of its well-established orbit. Instead they seek to connect with the power of the moon and draw into themselves its lunar energy. The Moon, capitalised, also stands for the Goddess herself, a triumvirate of waxing Maiden, Diana, full Mother, Cybele, and waning Crone, Hecate.2 So that when a Witch draws down the moon she is not merely seeking to increase her power, but brings the Goddess into herself in a symbolic counterpart to the Christian Mass.


We have already met many of the gods and goddesses associated with Witchcraft from Pagan Hecate to the Christian Devil, we have already seen how the ‘father’ of modern Witchcraft Gerald Gardner presented Celtic Cernunnos and Italian Aradia as the deities of Wicca, but what do today’s Witches worship? How do they actually see deity? Is it an impersonal force moving through their lives, or do they have a personal relationship with superhuman beings?


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Hardback 2004 1st Edition (sold out)

Paperback 2011 2nd Edition

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