Witchology, the history of Wicca & Witchcraft

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Wicca, Paganism, Magic and the Occult

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What is Witchcraft?

That's what this website is here to find out. Witchology.com is the website of WICA - the Witchcraft Information Centre and Archive - founded in 1999 as a research and education provider specialising in the areas of Witchcraft, Wicca, Paganism, Magic (Magick) and the Occult. We have been online continuously since 2000.

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Recommended Books:

The Supernatural"The Supernatural is the perfect introduction to the world of all things eerie, inexplicable and otherworldly." - Jason Karl, Most Haunted

Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History"Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History is an engaging book which deserves to be the benchmark for all future analyses of the Craft." More

Faustus: The Life and Times of a Renaissance Magician"Dr Ruickbie has re-evaluated the Faust tradition from a position of authority. A work of meticulous scholarship that can be read as a gripping page-turner." More

Open Source WiccaHistories of the Barbarians: Vandals, Goths and FranksBeowulf in Anglo-Saxon and English Translation

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Witchcraft Sabbats

July: Sothis to Lammas Eve

July was named after the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar.

Pagan Festivals and Holy Days in July


Previously called Quinctilis, or the fifth month (after March), July was re-named by the Romans in honour of their Emperor Julius Caesar.

The Anglo-Saxon name for July is believed to have been Aeftera Litha, or alternatively Maedmonat, meaning 'meadow month'. The modern Asatru name for this month is Haymoon.

Roman Calendar

  • 2 - Feast of Expectant Mothers
  • 4 - Day of Pax
  • 7 - Festival of Consualia
        - Festival of Feriae Ancillarum
        - Parilia
  • 8 - Nonae Caprotinae (Nones of the Wild Figs) (Feast)
  • 19 - Sacred drama day for Aphrodite and Adonis
        - Lucaria
  • 21 - Lucaria
  • 23 - Neptunalia
  • 25 - Festival of Furrinalia

Other Dates

  • 3 - Sothis (Ancient Egyptian)
        - Loki's Brand (Norse)
  • 3 - Green Corn Dance (Native American Seminole)
  • 7 - Star Festival of Tanabata (Japanese)
  • 10 - Lady Godiva Day (Traditional British Isles)
  • 11 - Naadam Festival (Mongolian)
  • 12 - The Old Dances (Tibetan)
  • 13 - Reed Dance Day (African)
  • 14 - Runic Half-month of Ur begins
  • 15 - Festival of the Dead (Chinese)
  • 20 - Binding of the Wreaths (Lithuania)
  • 26 - Kachina ceremony (Native American Hopi)
  • 29 - Thor/Runic Half-month of Thorn commences (Norse)
  • 31 - Lammas Eve, August Eve (Wiccan)
        - Brotmesse Eve/Loki and Sigyn/Things Tide (Norse)


Witchcraft Trials

Salem 1692

Salem was marked by the mass execution of five women.

  • July 19, 1692: Rebecca Nurse, Susannah Martin, Elizabeth Howe, Sarah Good and Sarah Wildes are hanged at Gallows Hill.

Recommended Reading

Witchcraft Out of the Shadows by Leo Ruickbie

Witchcraft History If you knew that there was one book that would change the history of witchcraft would you want to read it? Contains new analyses, fresh insights and previously unpublished material from the author's PhD research.

Wicca in the context of historical witchcraft from Ancient Greece to the Witch Hunts.

"Witchcraft out of the Shadows is an engaging book which deserves to be the benchmark for all future analyses of the Craft." - Alan Richardson

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