Witchology, the history of Wicca & Witchcraft

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Wicca, Paganism, Magic and the Occult

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What is Witchcraft?

That's what this website is here to find out. Witchology.com is the website of WICA - the Witchcraft Information Centre and Archive - founded in 1999 as a research and education provider specialising in the areas of Witchcraft, Wicca, Paganism, Magic (Magick) and the Occult. We have been online continuously since 2000.

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Recommended Books:

The Supernatural"The Supernatural is the perfect introduction to the world of all things eerie, inexplicable and otherworldly." - Jason Karl, Most Haunted

Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History"Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History is an engaging book which deserves to be the benchmark for all future analyses of the Craft." More

Faustus: The Life and Times of a Renaissance Magician"Dr Ruickbie has re-evaluated the Faust tradition from a position of authority. A work of meticulous scholarship that can be read as a gripping page-turner." More

Open Source WiccaHistories of the Barbarians: Vandals, Goths and FranksBeowulf in Anglo-Saxon and English Translation

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Walpurgisnacht Beltane Sabbat

May: Beltane to Frigg's Day

May begins with a day sacred to Maia, the goddess who gave her name to this month. In ancient Rome it was the month of the Lemuria and Rosalia festicals, amongst others. Around the world, Isis, Frigg and Tefnut were honoured.

Pagan Festivals and Holy Days in May


May is named after the goddess Maia, the wife of Mars. May is a month of purification and religious ceremony in honor of the dead, and is considered an inauspicious time for marriage.

The Anglo-Saxon name for May is Thrimilcmonath, 'thrice-milk month' because cows give milk three times a day during the month of May. The runes for this month are Lagu, which signifies vigorous, energetic growth, and Ing, representing fertility and procreation. This month is dedicated to the Thunder God Thor and Freya. The modern Asatru name for May is Merrymoon, representing delight in the forthcoming summer season.

Roman Calendar

  • 1 - Day sacred to Maia
        Feast for Lares Praestites
  • 2 - Day sacred to Elena
  • 3 - Women's Festival of Bona Dea
  • 4 - Megalesia (Festival of Cybele
  • 9 - Festival of Lemuria (1st day)
  • 11 - Festival of Lemuria (2nd day)
  • 13 - Festival of Lemuria (3rd day)
  • 15 - Day sacred to Maia and Vesta
          Sacrifice day to the Tiber River
  • 17 - Festival of Dea Dia
  • 18 - Day sacred to Apollo
  • 23 - Rosalia (Festival of Flora)
  • 27 - Secular Centennial Games
  • 29 - Festival of Ambarvalia
          Feast of Mars

Other Dates

  • 30 April / 1 May: Walpurgisnacht (Germanic); Beltane (Celtic/Wiccan)
  • 8: White Lotus Day (Theosophy)
  • 11: Rain Ceremony (Guatemalan)
  • 14: Isis Day (Ancient Egyptian)
          Runic Half-Month of Ing (Norse/Odinist)
  • 20: (or nearest Thursday) Mjollnir Day / The Wild Hunt (Norse/Odinist)
  • 21: Day of Tefnut (Ancient Egyptian)
  • 23: Semik (Russian)
  • 29: Runic Half-Month of Odal (Norse/Odinist)
  • 30: Frigg's Day (Norse/Odinist)

Recommended Reading

Witchcraft Out of the Shadows by Leo Ruickbie

Witchcraft History If you knew that there was one book that would change the history of witchcraft would you want to read it? Contains new analyses, fresh insights and previously unpublished material from the author's PhD research.

Wicca in the context of historical witchcraft from Ancient Greece to the Witch Hunts.

"Witchcraft out of the Shadows is an engaging book which deserves to be the benchmark for all future analyses of the Craft." - Alan Richardson

Explore the history of witchcraft



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