Witchology, the history of Wicca & Witchcraft

Study and learn the history of Witchcraft,
Wicca, Paganism, Magic and the Occult

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What is Witchcraft?

That's what this website is here to find out. Witchology.com is the website of WICA - the Witchcraft Information Centre and Archive - founded in 1999 as a research and education provider specialising in the areas of Witchcraft, Wicca, Paganism, Magic (Magick) and the Occult. We have been online continuously since 2000.

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The Supernatural"The Supernatural is the perfect introduction to the world of all things eerie, inexplicable and otherworldly." - Jason Karl, Most Haunted

Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History"Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History is an engaging book which deserves to be the benchmark for all future analyses of the Craft." More

Faustus: The Life and Times of a Renaissance Magician"Dr Ruickbie has re-evaluated the Faust tradition from a position of authority. A work of meticulous scholarship that can be read as a gripping page-turner." More

Open Source WiccaHistories of the Barbarians: Vandals, Goths and FranksBeowulf in Anglo-Saxon and English Translation

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Open Source Wicca

Open Source Wicca

Released under a Creative Commons licence, Open Source Wicca is a revolutionary approach to one of the fastest growing religions today. Based on the Open Source software movement, Open Source Wicca aims to make the 'source code' of Wicca accessible to everyone to further research, development and understanding.

Open Source Wicca: The Gardnerian Tradition


Gerald Gardner may be credited as the founder of Wicca, but the foundation documents themselves derived from several sources and were the work of several people. The material has been ordered chronologically to allow readers to follow the development of the rituals.


  1. 1949
    1. Casting the Circle
    2. Drawing Down the Moon
    3. The Charge: "Lift Up the Veil"
    4. The Initiation
    5. Cakes and Wine
    6. The Sabbat Rituals
  2. 1953
    1. On Chants
    2. To Help the Sick
    3. The Scourge and the Kiss
    4. The Priestess and the Sword
    5. The Warning
    6. Of the Ordeal of the Art Magical
    7. Eightfold Path or Ways to the Centre
    8. To Gain the Sight
    9. Power
    10. Properly Prepared
    11. The Meeting Dance
    12. To Leave the Body
    13. The Working Tools
    14. Skyclad
  3. 1954 [See print version]
    1. The Cauldron of Regeneration
    2. Casting the Circle
    3. Witch Beliefs
  4. 1957
    1. Proposed Rules for the Craft
    2. A Revision of the Casting Procedure
    3. The Prose Charge
    4. Cakes and Wine
    5. The Sabbat Rituals
    6. The Eightfold Path or Ways
    7. First-Degree Initiation
    8. Second-Degree Initiation
    9. Third-Degree Initiation
    10. The Witches' Chant or Rune
    11. Consecrating Tools
  5. 1961
    1. The Old Laws
    2. The Verse Charge
    3. Casting and Charging
    4. Forming the Circle

The material published online represents an abridged and differently formatted version of the print publication. The online material is made available at Dr Ruickbie's own expense - your support is vital to make sure that Open Source Wicca remains free and available to everyone. Please help support this project by ordering Open Source Wicca: The Gardnerian Tradition by Dr Leo Ruickbie, unabridged with introduction, bibliography, additional material and original cover art.

The Open Source Wicca Project

Open Source Wicca: The Gardnerian Tradition

Open Source Wicca Gardner's original ritual documents, sometimes referred to as the Gardnerian Book of Shadows, covering Wicca's formative years from 1949 to 1961. Contents include: Casting the Circle, Drawing Down the Moon, Lift Up the Veil, Initiation, The Sabbat Rituals, and more.
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Getting Involved

Have you also been inspired by the idea of making Wicca open source? You can take the material published here under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike licence and do almost anything you like with it, put it on your own website, perform it on stage, even try it out for yourself. You can also get directly involved with this project and contribute your own work and ideas. If you want to get involved, then see the contact page for information on how to get in touch.


The Open Source Wicca Logo

The Open Source Wicca logo is based on the copyleft symbol showing a reversed (c) surrounding a pentagram.

Project Licencing

Creative Commons License This work is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.


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