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Witchcraft Out of the Shadows A Complete History

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This document is intended to aid your use of Leo Ruickbie's Witchcraft Out of the Shadows: A Complete History (London: Robert Hale, 2004), or to assist you in assessing this book prior to purchase. This meta-index is an extended version of that published in Witchcraft Out of the Shadows (2004) and is not intended to replace it. It is available in both html and pdf versions.

 

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Index

1734 Tradition, 134

Abramelin, 91, 138

aconite, 26

acupuncture, 75

Acropolis, 18

Actaeon, 24

Ad Extirpanda (Innocent IV), 69

Adam, 72

Aden, 95

Adherents.com, 168

Adler, Margot, 121, 157, 159, 161, 169, 175, 198-9

Aeaea, 22

Aeëtes, 22, 25, 27

Aegeus, 29

Aegina, 19

Aeson, 29

Aestyan, 34

Agobard, 63, 64

Alan of Lille, 68

Albigenses, 68

Alcamenes, 19

alchemy, 85, 93

Alcis, 34

Alex Sanders Lectures, The (Sanders), 140

Alexander IV, 69

Alexandria, 57

Alexandrianism, 141, 143, 150, 190; see also Sanders, Alex

Alfred, King of Wessex, 64

Algard Wicca, 150

Allah, Crowley's views on, 97

alrunae, 39

Alsace, 81

Ancrya, Council of, 65

Anderson, Victor, 147-8

Andrews, Allen, 116

angel, Devil in the form of, 67; guardian, 195, 196, 197

Angerbode, 32, 43-4

Angles, 34

Anglesey, 38

animals, magical uses of, 27, 33, 37, 46, 48; sacrifice of, 9-10, 19, 24, 27, 38; transformation into, 22-5, 31, 48, 49, 50, 59, 73, 211; see also birds

animal magnetism, 197

Ankh-f-n-Khonsu, 95

anti-Catholicism, 87

Aphrodite, 28, 109

Apollo, 17; as Apollo Delphinios, 18

Apostles, 58

apostasy, 73

Apuleius, Lucius, 15

Aquarian Age, 210

Aquinas, St Thomas, 69

Aradia, 88-90, 174, 178, 187, 193

Aradia, or the Gospel of the Witches (Leland), 88-9, 174

Ares, Field of, 27

Argo, 26, 28

Argonauts, 27, 28, 29

Argos, 18

Arianrhod, 109

Armstrong, Ann, 173

Arnkell, 47-8

Artemis, 109

Arthur, King, 172

Asia Minor, 16, 36

Asgard, 43

Astarte, 109

astral projection, 186

astrology, 62, 64, 85, 136, 216

astronomy, 36

Athame, 107, 108, 136, 149, 193

Athens, 18, 19, 29

Attica, 19

August, Eve of, 107; Gule of, 100

Augustine, St, of Canterbury, 59, 62

Augustine, St, of Hippo, 57-8

Auldearne, 173

Aurinia, 35

Australia, 169, 216

Austria, 81

Aviones, 34

Bacchanalia, 17

Bacchus, 17, 66

Balder, 172

Balfour, Alison, 76

Balkans, 36

Bamberg, Witch-house of, 76

Barbato, St, 64

Barbelognostics, 68

Bardon, Franz, 140

Bates, Selidy, 139

Bavaria, 81

Belgium, 169

Beltane, 139, 189; see also May Eve and Walpurgisnacht

Benevento, 89, 90

Berger, Helen A., 158, 164, 165, 169

Berhta (Berta), 52

Berlin, 86

Berne, 73

Berthold, 52

Besant-Scott, Mabel, 125

Beth, Rae, 199-200

Bexhill, 139

Bewitched (TV series), 165

Bibby, Mary, 137

Bible, 56, 58, 63, 64, 71, 72, 75, 105, 217

Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal, 91

birds, 35, 60; see also crows, eagles, falcons and owls

Black Mass, 100

Black Sea, 27

Blackwood, Algernon, 93

Blavatsky, Helene, 129, 137

blue, symbolism of, 46, 49, 136, 147

Blue Lodges, 113, 116

Blum, Ralph, 42

Bombo, 20

Book of the Law, The (Crowley), 110, 113, 196

Book of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage, The (Mathers), 91

Book of Shadows, 106, 119, 121, 122, 126, 128, 137, 214

Boniface, St, 61

Boniface VIII, 70

Boston, 146

Boulak Museum, 95

Bourne, Nigel, 139, 168

Bournemouth, 126

Bovet, Richard, 105

Bracelin, Jack L., 116, 128

Bradford, 91

brahmin, 36, 199

bran, 21

Bride, 109

Brierley, Peter, 215

Brighton, 132

Britain, 36, 38, 42, 59, 70, 86, 137, 213; modern witchcraft in, 156-217 passim, 219; see also England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales

British Museum, 91

Brocken, 155

Bronze Age, 33, 41

broomsticks, 40, 49, 53, 77, 223

Buckland, Raymond, 144-6, 150

Buckland, Rosemary, 144, 145

Budapest, Zsusanna, 149-50

Buddha, Crowley's views on, 97

Building of the Pyramid ritual, 112, 113

bulls, 26, 59

Bunyan, John, 71

Burchard, Bishop of Worms, 65

Burley, 134

'Burning Times', 12

Butler, E.M., 58

cabbala, 91, 92; Gardner on, 114

Cabot, Laurie, 146-7

Caesar, Julius, 36, 38

Cain, 90

Cairo, 95

calendar, 34, 35, 36

California, 134, 136, 148, 170, 199

Calliope, 17

Cambridgeshire, 78

Canada, 97, 158, 169

Candlemas, 100

Canidia, 22

Canne, John, see Tannere, John

cannibalism, 67, 68

Canon Episcopi, 58, 65, 67, 69, 72, 100

Canterbury, 59

Capitulatio de partibus Saxioniae, 62

Caria, 16, 18

Carey, Archbishop Dr George, 215

Carpenter, Dennis, 122-3

Carthage, 57

Cassandra, 22

Cathars, 68

catharsis, 25

cats, 46, 49, 50, 53, 55, 68, 77, 148

cauchemar, see mara

cauldron, 27, 44, 53

Cauldron, The (magazine), 162

Cave of Bats, 173

'Celtic Twilight', 92, 210

Celts, 36

Ceremony of the 5 = 6? Grade of Adeptus Minor, 112

Ceremony of the Opening of the Veil, 110

Cernunnos, 178, 193

Cerridwen, 109

Cevennes, 155

Ceylon (Sri Lanka), 94, 116

Channel Islands, 170

Charge of the Goddess, the, 111, 127-8; see also Lift Up the Veil ritual

Charlemagne, 62, 63, 64

Charles II (Charles the Bald), 64

Charmed (TV series), 157, 165

Chaucer, Geoffrey, 199

Chelmsford, 78

Cheshire, 139, 141

chickens, 19

hens, 47

Chicago, 87

Childeric III, 60-1, 62, 63

China, 94, 217

Christianity, 87; crisis of, 214-7; Orthodox, 171; spread of, 39; witchcraft persecuted by, 33, 55-82 passim, 212

Christianization, 40, 55-6, 58-9; see also post-Christianization

Chrysotomus, Dio, 36

Chthonia, 17

Church and School of Wicca, 150

Circe, 11, 21, 22-5, 28, 30, 92, 211; etymology of, 22; parentage of, 22

circle, casting of, 107, 108, 113, 130, 193, 197

clairvoyance, 185, 217

Clan of Tubal Cain, 130-4 passim

Clarke, Jane, 80

Claudius, 38

Cleary, Bridget, 81

Clonmel, 81

Clovis, 39

Clutterbuck, Dorothy, ('Old'), 124, 126

Cnut, 99

'Coal Black Smith, The' (traditional), 131

Cochran, Tara, 145, 146

Cochrane, Robert, 121, 129, 130-4, 137, 150

Coeus, 17

Colchis, 27, 28

Colley, Thomas, 80

Colombo, 95

Columba, St, 59

Compost coven, 150

Concordance of Discordant Canons (Gratian), 65

Confessional of Egbert, The, 61

Confessions of Aleister Crowley, The (Crowley), 95

Consecration Ceremony of the Vault of the Adepti, 112

Constantine, 56

Corybantes, 19, 25

Council of Witchcraft Elders, 139

coven, 100, 109, 171-7 passim

Crow Haven Corner, 146

cows, 62

Craft, The (film), 177

crocus, Colchian, 26

crop-blasting, 62, 88

crossroads, 10, 16, 18, 19-20, 21

crows, 27, 37

Crowley, Aleister, 11-2, 93-8, 102, 117, 212-3; Gardner and, 104-5, 106, 108-14, 115, 118-20, 127; Leek and, 134, 136; on magic, 194-7, 202; Sanders and, 138; Valiente and, 129

Crowley, Rose, 94-6

Crowley, Vivianne, 158, 159, 161, 164, 165, 168-9

Crowther, Arnold, 118

Crowther, Patricia, 140-1

cunningmen, 85, 99

curses, 92, 204, 214; proscribed by law, 62; Requiem Mass used for, 60; as revolutionary, 88

Cybele, 178

Cyprus, 117

Dactyls, 21

Daemonolgie (James VI and I), 78, 105

Dafo (Woodley-Grimes), 117, 124-5, 126

Danube, 33

dead, communication with, 185, 186; spirits of the, 16, 18, 26, 48, 52, 216; the untimely, 19

death, Crowley's views on, 97; personification of, 43; ritual, 38, 198

Decretum (Burchard), 65

Dee, John, 85

degrees, 92, 107, 116

Demdike, Nick, 140

demons, copulation with, 39, 69, 73, 77

Denmark, 81

Devil, 131, 155, 178; iconography of, 66; magic an illusion of, 63, 66, 69; mark of, 75, 100, 101; Murray on, 99, 100, 105; pact with, 10, 30, 68, 69, 70, 72, 77, 78, 100, 101, 103, 126, 214; thirteen associated with, 172; as title of office, 174; women and, 65; worship of, 24, 67-70, 77, 86, 87, 99, 128, 175; see also Satan and Satanism

devils, see demons

Diana, 16, 24, 39, 40, 67, 88-90, 96, 109, 132, 178; witchcraft as cult of, 65, 99-100

Dianic Wicca, 149

Diary of a Witch (Leek), 136

Didyma, 18

Dione, 109

Dionysus, 19, 66, 86

Dipsias, 22

disenchantment, 217-9, 221, 222, 223

distaff, 40, 48, 49

divination, 34-5, 36, 41, 47, 48, 56, 60, 61, 63, 64

dogs, 16, 19, 20, 21, 69

Dominicans, 69

dragons, 25, 26, 27, 29, 49

Drawing Down the Moon ritual, 26, 107, 109, 110, 111, 127, 178, 187

dreams, 37, 64

Drifa, 51

drugs, use of, 25, 93, 133, 137, 141, 197

druids, 36-8, 85, 215; decline of, 38; etymology of, 36; mistletoe and, 36-8; outlawed by Romans, 38; role of, 36-7

drycraeft, 61

Dukakis, Michael, 147

Dumbshaf, 52

Dürer, Albrecht, 113

eagles, 37

Earth Spirit Festival, 190

East Anglia, 170

Easter, 100

Ecole pratique des hautes études (Sciences religieuses), 115

ecsomatic experience, 185-6

Eddas, 33, 52; Elder (Poetic), 33, 41; Younger, 33

Edgar, 99

Edinburgh, 91

Edmund, Earl of Kent, 70

Edward II, 70

Edward III, 172

Edward VI, 76

Egbert, 61

eggs, 19, 37

Egypt, 15, 36, 98, 141; gods of, 95, 96, 112, 138, 185; Crowley in, 94-6

Einodia, as title of Hecate, 16, 17; Thessalian goddess called, 18

Eiriks Saga Rauða, 46

Eko, Eko, Azarak, 127, 128

Elbe, 64

Eleusis, 18, 19

Eliade, Mircea, 167, 168

Elizabeth I, 76, 85

Ellida, 49-50

Elliot, T.S., 41

England, 39, 59, 64, 76-7, 80, 81, 95, 99, 101, 117, 124, 126, 130, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 139, 141, 143, 173; Church of, 214-5; Civil War in, 78; Golden Dawn in, 91, 94; modern Witchcraft in, 170-1; witchcraft surviving in, 104, 106, 127

Enlightenment, the, 80, 212

Ephesos, 19

Ephesian Letters, 20

Epipurgidia, 19

Equinox, The (Crowley), 117, 118, 119

Ereschigal, 20-1

ergi, 45, 53

Erichtho, 22, 40

Erick of the Windy Hat, 32

Erythai, 19

Essex, 78

Estonia, 59, 81

Ethelstan, 64

ethnicity, 163-4

Ethnographical Society, 115

Etruscan Roman Remains (Leland), 88

Eudoses, 34

Euripides, 30

Europe, northern, 32-54, 164, 211

Eurydice, 17

Eve, 72

evil, 9, 31, 39, 50, 56, 64, 72, 128, 155, 193, 211, 214, 223

Exeter, Duke of, 76

Exorcist, The (film), 145

Eyrbyggja Saga, 47

Faery Tradition, 148, 150

falcons, 22, 49

familiars, 75, 77, 214

Farr, Florence, 93

Farrar, Janet, 106, 109, 121, 167, 168

Farrar, Stewart, 106, 109, 121, 129, 143, 148, 167, 168

feasting, ritual use of, 24-5, 31, 70, 90, 100, 175, 211

February Eve, 107

Fellowship of Crotona, 113, 117, 119

feminism, 87-8, 149-50, 165-6, 213

Feminist Book of Lights and Shadows, The (Budapest), 149

fence-rail, 52, 53

Fenrer, 32, 39; see also Fenris

Fenris, 43, 44; see also Fenrer

fertility, witchcraft as cult of, 100, 103

Field, Arnold, 116

Filimer, 39

Finland, 44, 51, 169

First Rosicrucian Theatre in England, 117, 125, 197

fish, 19

flagellation, see scourge

Florence, 88

flying, 40, 51, 52, 53, 65, 69, 77

Folk-Lore Society, 98, 115

Forever Forests, 148

Forfar, 101

fortune-telling, see divination

France, 60, 62, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 101, 115, 116, 155, 169, 171, 173; Leek in, 134; Leland in, 88

frankincense, 19

Frau Gode (Wode), 52

Frazer, Sir J.G., 104

Fredegond, 39

Freemasonry, 85, 90, 102, 212; Wicca and, 108, 109, 110, 111, 116, 127

Freud, Sigmund, 194, 195, 196; see also psychoanalysis

Freyja, 44, 46, 49

Freyr, 42

Friday the 13th, 171, 172

Friedkin, William, 145

Frithiof, 45, 49-50

Frost, Gavin and Yvonne, 150

fruit, 19

Fuller, J.F.C., 127

Futhark, 41-2

Gage, Matilda Joslyn, 87-8

galdr, 40-1

galdor, 61

gand-reið, 49

Gairdner, Grissell, 116

Gardner, Gerald, 11-2, 96, 101, 102, 103-29, 130, 135, 143, 144, 148, 156, 159, 166, 177, 178, 210, 213; on coven structure, 172-3, 174; on magic, 196-7, 209; Sanders and, 140-1

Gardnerianism, 136, 137, 146, 147, 150, 163, 190

garlic, 19

garter, wearing of, 100, 101, 172-3; Order of the, 172

Garm, 44

Gaul, 32, 33, 36, 57, 58

Gauls, the, 36

Geirriðr, 48

Georgia, 27

Georgianism, 150

Germania, 32-5

Germania (Tacitus), 33

Germany, 33, 41, 52, 53, 59, 71, 76, 81, 86, 91, 169, 171

Germans, 36, 40, 64, 86; divination amongst, 34, 41; role of women, 32-3, 34-5, 62

Gibbon, Edward, 56

Gïoll, 43

Glass, Justine, 132, 133

Glenstrae, Count of, 92

Glyn Dwr, Owain, 137-8

Gnostic Mass, 109-10, 111, 113

Gnosticism, 68

goats, 16, 19, 48, 66, 99, 131

kids, 47

God of the Witches, The (Murray), 98

Goetia, 92

Goetia, The (Mathers), 94

Golden Dawn, Hermetic Order of the, 90-4, 108, 112, 113, 118, 212

Golden Fleece, 26, 27, 29, 31

Gorge du Loup, 134

Gorgo, 20

Gowdie, Isobel, 173

Graves, Robert, 104-5, 131

Great Beast, The (Symonds), 127

Great Pyramid, 94

Great Rite, 111, 112, 113, 142

Greece, ancient, 11, 15-31, 32, 55, 164, 211; classical, 217, 222

Green Egg (magazine), 158, 159, 164, 165

Green Man, 66, 148

Greenwood, Susan, 115, 158, 159, 161, 164

Gregory VII, 60, 66

Gregory, IX

Grettir, 47

Grettis Saga Ásmundarsonar, 47

Griffin, David Ray, 123

Grimald, 63

groves, sacred, 34, 35, 36, 38, 148

Guibert of Nogents, 68

Gypsey Sorcery and Fortune-Telling (Leland), 88

Gypsies, 135, 144, 145

Had (Hadit), 95, 96

Hades, 17

Hagal, 42

hällristningar, 41

haliurunae, 39

hag, 50, 55, 96

Hallowe'en (All Hallows Eve), 100, 132, 168, 189

Ham, 45, 49, 51

hamingja, 44, 48

hand-fasting, see marriage

Hans Breitman's Ballads (Leland), 88

Hardy, Rt Revd Robert, 215

hares, 37, 100, 131

Harlow, Alison, 148

Harrow, Judith, 122

Hartley, Christine, 125

Harvey, Graham, 167, 168

Hastings, funeral of Alex Sanders in, 139

Hati, 44

haugi, 48

haugbui, 48

Havamal, 40

hazel, 184

healing, 11, 59, 140, 190, 204, 205, 206, 209, 214

Hebe, 27

Hecate, 11, 16-22, 86, 178, 211; blood-drinking of, 20; Crowley's views of, 96-7; cultic sites of, 18; darkness associated with, 16, 20; daughters of, 21-2; dead associated with, 16, 18, 19; dogs associated with, 16, 19, 20, 21; flesh-eating habits of, 18; lambs, black, associated with, 19, 46; goats associated with, 16, 19; horns associated with, 16; horses associated with, 16; Medea and, 25, 26, 27, 28; moon associated with, 16, 19, 20; names associated with, 20; protective aspects of, 19; Roman worship of, 19; sacred days of, 18, 19; sacrifices made to, 19-20, 27; snakes (serpents) associated with, 18, 21, 211; titles of, 17, 18, 21; wild boar associated with, 16

Hecateae, 20

hedgewitchcraft, 199-200

Heidi (Heid), 45-6, 47, 49, 51

Hel, 43, 52

Hell, 52, 55, 70

Helge, 49-50

Henry VIII, 76

Hera Akraia, 29, 30

Heracles (Hercules), 28, 34

Herla, 52

Herlechin, 52

Hermes, 16, 24

Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, see Golden Dawn

Hermeticism, 92

Hermod, 43, 45

Herne, 52

Herodias, 65

Hertfordshire, 80

Hesiod, 17

High Magic's Aid (Gardner), 103, 104, 107, 112, 119, 120, 125, 126

Hill, Napoleon, 196

hippy movement, 121, 213

Högni, 46

Holda, 40, 52

Holland, 52, 169

hölle, 52

Holler (Holla), 52, 53

Hollywood, 149

Holy Book of Women's Mysteries, The (Budapest), 149

Homer, 22, 23

homosexuality, 45

honey, 19, 90

Honeysuckle coven, 150

Hopkins, Matthew, 77, 78-9

Horace, 22

horns, 16, 31,

Horned God, 100, 131, 147, 185

Horsa coven, 135, 136, 146

horses, 16, 33, 35, 50, 53

Horus, 95-6, 112; Rites of, 138

House of the Goddess, 168

Huld (Hulda), 46, 51

Huldra, 52

Hungary, 81, 149

Huns, 39

Huntingdonshire, 78

Hutin, Dr Serge, 115

'Hymn to the Mother of the Gods' (Julian), 9

'Hymn to Pan' (Crowley), 117

Iceland, 41, 169

Illuminati, 85

India, 36, 199, 217

initiation, 17, 21, 23, 24, 29, 97, 109, 117, 126, 136, 141, 190, 214; degree system of, 92, 107, 110-1, 116, 142; sex and, 25, 31, 147, 211

INFORM, 164, 165

Innocent IV, 69

Innocent VIII, 71

Inquisition, 69-71, 74, 86, 223

invented tradition, 104, 114

Iolcus, 29

Iona, 59

Ionia, 19

Iörmungandr, 43

Ipswich, 78

Ireland, 36, 77, 148, 170; see also Northern Ireland

iron pyrites, 33

Ironwood, 43

Isis, 34; Temple of, 146, 147

Isis-Urania Temple, 91, 94

Isle of Man, 115, 140, 144

Italy, 64, 70, 71, 88-9, 169

Ivanhoe (Scott), 86-7

James VI of Scotland, I of England, 76, 78, 105

Japan, 169

Jarke, Karl Ernst, 85, 98, 101

Jason, 16, 27-31, 32

Jayran, Shan, see Shan

Jennings, Hargrave, 194

Jersey, 170

Jesus, 58, 65, 88, 172, 217; Crowley's views on, 96, 97

John XXII, 70

John Bull (magazine), 93

Jones, Charles Stansfield, 97-8, 115

Jones, Gwilym P., 109

Jones, Evan John, 129, 131

Jones, Prudence, 114, 115

Julian, 9

juniper, 26

Jupiter, in magic, 97, 202; Temple of, 57

Jötunheim, 43

Kabbalah Denudata (Rosenroth), 91

Kabbalah Unveiled, The (Mathers), 91

Kant, Immanuel, 194

Katla, 47-8

Kelly, Aidan, 107, 108, 109, 111-3, 115, 122

Kemelek, Grace, 135

Kemp, Anthony, 158

Kempten, 81

Ketill, 52

Key of Solomon the King, The (Mathers), 91, 104, 112, 119, 127, 213

King, Francis, 117, 167

Kipling, Rudyard, 104, 127

Kirkpatrick, R.G., 163

Kirlian photography, 197

kiss, ritual use of, 68, 100, 109, 110, 111, 187

Knights Templar, 77

knives, 33; see also Athame

Knoop, Douglas, 109

Kormak, 49, 50

Kormaks Saga, 49

Kourotrophos, 17

Kramer, Heinrich, 71-5, 105

Kyle, Richard, 158, 159, 164, 167, 168

Kyteler, Dame Alice, 70, 77

'Lady Olwen', see Wilson, Monique

Laertius, Diogenes, 36

Lagina, 18

lambs, black, 10, 19, 46; see also rams

Lammas, 100, 184

Lancaster, 140

Langton, Walter, 77

Lapland, 44

Laughing Goddess coven, 149

Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, 148

Laws of Aelfred, 10

'Laws of the Craft', 128-9

Leeds, 157

Leek, Sybil, 134-7, 146, 150

Leges Langobardicus, 63

Leigh, Molly, 134

Leland, Charles G., 88-90, 98, 101, 104, 106, 113, 127, 156, 159, 213

Leo VII, 66

Leptinnes, Council of, 61

Lesser Key of Solomon the King, The (Mathers), 91

Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft (Scott), 86, 174

Liberal Catholic Church, 143

Lift Up the Veil ritual, 107, 109-10, 111

Lincoln, 215, 216

lions, mountain, 23, 25

List of Superstitions, 61

Lithuania, 169

Ljot, 46

Lodfafner, 40

Lodfafner's Song, 39

Loki, 11, 43, 45, 172

Lombards, 64

Lombardy, 70

London, British Museum in, 91; Gardner in, 126; modern Witchcraft in, 170-1, 193; Murray in, 98; Isis-Urania Temple in, 91, 94; Alex Sanders in, 139; Maxine Sanders in, 143; Tower of, 76; Valiente born in, 129

Los Angeles, 136, 149

Lucan, 40

Lucifer, 56, 88

Luhrmann, Tanya, 157, 159, 161, 163, 167

Lycos, 168

lynx, 33

Macbeth (Shakespeare), 21, 40, 44, 77, 145, 171

McCombie, Josephine, 116

MacGregor, 92

'Maddalena', 88-9

magi, 15, 36, 199

magic, black, 39, 44, 67, 69, 70, 78, 92, 128, 139; definition of magic, 193-204, 214; effect of magic, 206-9; etymology of magic, 10, 199; high (ceremonial) magic, 92; magic as illusion of the Devil, 63-4, 66, 60; images used in magic, 62, 70; ingredients used in magic, 19, 21, 24, 26; laws against magic, 58-63; low (Goetic) magic, 92; Northern European magic, 40-2; problem of magic, 57-8; practice of magic, 200-1; psychological interpretation of magic, 194-5, 196, 198-200; revival of magic, 11; magic as salvational, 218, 219, 221-2; sex magic, 112, 197; use of magic, 204-6; 'weapons' used in magic, 107, 108, 113, 126, 174, 196, 197; witchcraft and magic, 187, 209

magick, 194-7

Magick in Theory and Practice (Crowley), 113, 118, 195

Magnus, Albertus, 69

magoi, 10, 15

Mahoney, John, 167

maleficia, see magic, black

Malleus Maleficarum (Kramer and Sprenger), 66, 71-5

Managarm, 44

Manchester, 137

Manningtree, 78, 79

Mannus, 34

Mapp, Walter, 68

mara, 50-1

Marcellininus, Ammianus, 199

Marcellus, 57

le Mareschal, Robert, 70

Marlow, Louis, see Wilkinson, Louis

marriage, 190, 214

Mars, 34

Martin, Bishop of Tours, 57

mascae, 63

Massachusetts, 77, 78, 79-80, 146-7, 170

Math, John, 132

Mathers, Samuel Liddell 'MacGregor', 90-4, 104, 106, 113, 119

matriarchy, 87, 105

May Eve, 40, 86, 100, 107, 109; see also Walpurgisnacht

Mecklenburg, 52

Medea, 11, 21-2, 25-31, 32, 92, 211; Hecate and Medea, 25, 26; Medea as foundress of religious cult, 29; Medea as initiatrix, 29; parentage of Medea, 25-6; snakes (serpents) associated with Medea, 26, 28

Medes, 199

medicine, herbal, 36, 86

meditation, 197

Melton, J.G., 114, 115, 161, 164

Melusine, 109

Melville, Joy, 167, 168

Mendelssohn, Felix, 86

Mendocino County, 148

Mercury, 34, 202

Merlin, 38

Mesmer, Friedrich Anton, 197

Metamorphoses (Ovid), 27

'Michael', 198-9

Michelet, Jules, 87-8, 90

Midgard, 32, 39, 40, 43, 53, 56

Midlands, 170-1

Miletos, 18

milk, stealing of by magic, 64

mistletoe, 36-8

method of cutting, 37

names known by, 37

Mistley, 79

Mödgud, 43

moly, 24

Mona (Mon), 38

Mone, Franz Josef, 86, 98, 101

Monodiae (Guibert), 68

monotheism, 136, 179-81, 219

moon, the, 178, 187, 193, 202; calendrical uses of the moon, 34, 35; Diana associated with the moon, 16; Hecate associated with the moon, 16, 19, 20; Lucifer associated with the moon, 88; see also Drawing Down the Moon ritual

'moots', 170

Mormo, 20

Morris, Maxine, see Sanders, Maxine

Morris, May, 141

Mother Earth, 34, 148, 210

mouse, 73

Murray, Margaret, 98-101, 104, 106, 117, 120, 121, 125, 127, 144, 156, 159, 213; on coven structure, 172-4

Music of Poetry, The (Elliot), 41

Myron, 19

myrrh, 19

mysteries, Roman, 113; Saracen, 109

mysticism, Christian, 92, 196; Eastern, 195

Naharvalians, 34

National Alliance of Pantheists, 146, 147

necromancy, 24, 48, 60

Necromancy (film), 145

'Ned', 128

Nemeton, 148

Neophyte Ritual, 92, 112, 113

Nero, 58

Nerthus, 52

Nesnick, Mary, 150

Neuburg, Victor, 97

Neuro-Linguistic Programming, 196

neurosis, 195

New England, 145, 158, 164

New Forest, 124; coven in the New Forest, 107, 120, 127, 135; Leek in the New Forest, 134; Gardner in the New Forest, 117

New Wiccan Church, 167

New York, 136, 170

Newburgh, 116

Newcastle, 173

Nifl-heim, 43

nightmare, see mara

Norfolk, 78

North, Dolores, 125

North, Roger, 80

Northern Ireland, 171; see also Ireland

Northumbria, 99

Norway, 41, 169

November Eve, 107

nudity, 89, 90, 95, 112, 113, 126, 130, 137, 142, 173, 187, 197, 198

Nuit, 95, 96

Nuithones, 34

numinous phenomena, 186, 191, 213

Nuremberg, 91

oak, 36, 37

Oakland, 149

'Occult Census', see Sorcerer's Apprentice

occultism, 90-98 passim, 222, 223

Odd, 47-8

Odin, 11, 32, 40, 41, 43, 44-5, 66, 211; Odin banned by Council of Leptinnes, 61; etymology of Odin, 51; Odin leader of Wild Hunt, 51-2

Odysseus, 16, 23-5, 28, 31, 211

Oeagrus, 17

Ohio, 170

Oklahoma, 146

Olympius, 57

Olympus, Mount, 15, 16

Ordo Templi Orientis, 97, 112, 113, 118, 119

orgone, 197

orgy, 17, 19, 24-5, 31, 67-70, 77, 87, 89, 155, 175, 211, 223

Orkney, 76

ørlög, 41, 44

Orleans, 67, 68, 69

Orpheus, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 211

Osbourne, 80

Osiris, 95, 112

OTO, see Ordo Templi Orientis

out-of-the-body experience, 186

Ovid, 22, 27

Owain Glyn Dwr, see Glyn Dwr, Owain

owls, 27

Pagan Spirit Gathering, 148

Paganism, Crowley on, 97

à Paramo, Ludovicus, 74

Pamphile, 22

Pan, 66, 87

Pannonia, 33

paranormal, 216; see also psychic phenomena

Paris, 68; Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal, 91; Council of Paris, 63, 64, 105; Crowley and Paris, 94, 97, 118; Golden Dawn Temple in Paris, 91; Mathers in Paris, 92, 94; Parlement of Paris, 81; University of Paris (Sorbonne), 70, 115

Paris Working, 97, 112

Parthia, 25

Patterson, George, 150

'Paul', 142

Pausanias, 19

Pelias, 29

Pendderwen, Gwydion, 148

'pentacle', ritual of, 107, 108

Pentagram (magazine), 131, 132

Pentagram, Ritual of the, 108

Pennick, Nigel, 114, 115

Perchta, 52

Perse, 22

Persia, 15, 36, 199

personality, 195, 198

Peter, St, 57-8

Church of, the Apostle, 61

Petrie, Sir Flinders, 98, 117

pharmakon, 10-1

Philadelphia, 88

Phobantia, 21

Phoebe, 16-7

'Phoenix', 145

Phosphoros, 17

phrenology, 136

pig, see swine

Pilgrim's Progress (Bunyan), 71

Pirate, The (Scott), 86-7

plants, magical uses of, 19, 21, 26, 27, 33, 36-8

Plato, 194

Pluto, 17

Plymouth Brethren, 93

Po valley, 64

poison, use of, 10-11, 22, 26, 29, 58, 63, 64, 88

Poland, 81, 169

polypharmakos, 26

Port Said, 95

Portugal, 81, 169

post-Christianization, 12, 214-7 passim

Potter, Harry, 168

Preliminary Invocation, 94, 95

Priapus, 87

Propolos, 17

'Proposed Rules for the Craft' ('Ned'), 128

Propylaia, 17

psychic phenomena, 185-6

psychoanalysis, 25, 194-5

Ra-Hoor-Khuit, see Horus

Rabinovitch, Shelley, 158, 159

Raleigh, Sir Walter, 194

rams, 27, 31; see also lambs, black

Reclaiming, 148, 150

re-enchantment, 12, 217-23

Red Rose and the Cross of Gold, 91

Regardie, Israel, 113, 118, 129, 136

Regino of Prüm, 65

Reich, Wilhelm, 197

Reid, Gregory Watson MacGregor, 125

Rejuvenation, Charm of, 26, 27, 29

Reudignians, 34

revelation, 185-6

Rhine, 33

Rhoetia, 33

rhombus, 20

rite of passage, 189-90, 192, 214

ritual, 187-92

Robbins, Anthony, 196

Robin Goodfellow, 66

Robin Hood, 172

Roman Empire, 39, 56, 58-9

Romania, 168, 169

Romans, the, 19, 32-4, 36, 38

Rome, 164, 212; city of Rome, 33, 56; Synod of Rome, 61, 63

Rose, Elliot, 110

von Rosenroth, Knorr, 91

Rosi, Salvator, 113

Rosicrucians, 85

Rossthiof, 44-5, 47

Rotharius, 63

rowan, 33

Royal Anthropological Society, 98

runastafr, 42

runemal, 40-1

runes, 40; Anglo-Saxon runes, 41, 42; development of the runes, 41; modern runes, 42; uses of the runes, 41, 47

Russell, Jeffrey B., 167

Russia, 134, 169

Saami, 44

Sabbat (Sabbath), witches', 10, 19, 25, 38-9, 77, 155, 191, 211; Cochrane on the Sabbat, 130; Gardner on the Sabbat, 107, 125; Leland on the Sabbat, 88; Michelet on the Sabbat, 87; Murray on the Sabbat, 100; Sabbat same as Treguenda, 90; Sabbat same as trolla-thing, 52

Sabrina the Teenage Witch (TV series), 157, 165, 177

sacrifice, 36, 56, 60, 61; animal sacrifice, 9-10, 19, 24, 38, 100; human sacrifice, 34, 37, 38, 67, 68, 87, 100; sacrifice in Wicca, 109

Sagana, 22

sage, 19

Salem, 77, 79-80, 146-7, 170

Salisbury, Countess of, 172

salt, 44, 76, 90, 107, 136

Samhain, see Hallowe'en

Samothrace, 18

San Francisco, 150

sandalwood, 21

Sanders, Alex, 106, 121, 137-42, 148, 150

Sanders, Maxine, 139, 141-3

Saracen Kiss, 109

Sarmaritans, 22

Satan, 43, 65, 66, 74, 87, 126; see also Devil

Satanism, 11, 56, 60, 65, 86, 128, 137; see also Devil, worship of

Saturn, 202

Saxnot, 61, 66

Saxony, 62

Scandinavia, 41, 52, 59, 62

Schopenhauer, Arthur, 194

Scotland, 59, 76, 80, 91, 99, 101, 170-1, 173, 215-6

Scott, G.G., 157, 159, 161, 163, 164, 165, 169

Scott, Sir Walter, 53, 86, 174

Scottish Historical Review, 98

scourge, 111-3, 130, 142, 197

seals, 48, 49

séance, etymology of, 44

Seax-Wica, 145-6

secrecy, 198

Secret Chiefs, 91

secularization, 81, 214-7 passim

seeds, 21, 27, 37

seið-hjallr, 44, 49-50

seið-kona, 41, 44, 46, 47, 48, 53

generic names of, 45-6

seiðr, 40-1, 44-52, 62

Selinus, 18

Serapis, Temple of, 57

sesame seeds, 21

Seymour, Charles, 125

Shakespeare, William, 21, 40, 44, 77, 159, 163, 171

shamanism, 17, 33, 37, 198

Shan, 168

shape-changing, 69; see also animals, transformation into

sheep, see lambs, black, and rams

Siberia, 43

sickle, use of, 37, 108

Siene, 88

Simon Magus, 57-8, 104

Simos, Miriam, see Starhawk

Singapore, 102, 116, 118

Singapura, 117

sitja, 48

sjonhverfing, 47

skald, 48

Sköll, 44

Skelking, 52

Sleipnir, 43, 51

Slovenia, 169

Smyth, Frank, 116

snakes (serpents), Hecate associated with snakes, 18, 21, 211; magical uses of snakes, 27, 33, 37; Medea associated with snakes, 26, 27, 28; snakes in Norse mythology, 43

Society for Creative Anachronism, 148

Soissons, 68, 69

solstices, 37, 66, 97, 100, 149, 189

Song of the Sybil, The, 45

Sorcerer's Apprentice (shop), 'Occult' Census conducted by, 156-7, 159, 161, 162, 163, 165, 167, 171

Sorcière, La (Michelet), 87-8

South Africa, 169

South Dakota, 170

spá (spae), 40-1

spá-kona, 41

Spain, 60, 81, 169, 173

Sphinx Lodge, 102, 116

Spiral Dance, The (Starhawk), 150

Sprengel, Anna, 91

Sprenger, James, 71-5, 105

Sri Lanka, see Ceylon

stags, 24, 27, 31, 59

'stang', 130

Starhawk, 121-2, 149-50

Staufer, 73

Stearne, John, 78-9

Stele of Revealing, 95

storax, 19

storms, ability to raise, 26, 45, 49, 62, 64, 69

strigae, 62-3

Suardones, 34

Suevians, 34

Suez, 95

Suffolk, 78

Sullivan, George, 125

Summa Contra Gentiles (Aquinas), 69

Summa Theologica (Aquinas), 69

Summis desiderantes affectibus (Innocent VIII), 71

Super illus specula (John XXII), 70

Susan B. Anthony coven, 149, 150

Sussex Downs, 132

Sweden , 32, 41, 101, 169

swine, 23, 24, 25, 48

Switzerland, 73, 81

Sybil Leek Inc., 136; see also Leek, Sybil

sylphs, 95

Symonds, John, 112, 127

synchronicity, 185, 186

Syria, 57

Tacitus, 33, 34-5, 36, 41, 52

'Tailesin', 131

talismans, 45, 46, 62

Talos, 26

Tannere, John, 70

Tantra, 190

Tarot, 216

Tartarus, 17

taufr, 46; see also talismans

Taylor, Joan Helen, 145

telekinesis, 185

telepathy, 185

Tennessee, 170

Terence, 72

Theodore, St, 59-60, 61

Theodosius, 56

Theoris, 22

'Theos', 145

theosis, 185, 186

Theseus, 26, 28

Thessaly, 15, 16, 18, 27

thirteen, 100, 171-5

Thor, 37, 61, 66

Thorbjorg, 46, 47

Thorkell, 46-7

Thorvaig, 49, 51

Thrace, 17

Titans, 17

toads, 55, 77

Toledo, Council of, 60

torture, methods of torture, 75-6; use of torture 72, 74, 78, 81, 99, 174, 212

Toulouse, University of, 116

Tours, Council of, 63, 64

trees, 35; see also groves, sacred, hazel, oak, plants, magical uses of, and rowan

Treguenda, 90

Tring, 80

Trojan War, 23

trolla-thing, 52

Truzzi, Marcello, 164, 167

Tuisto, 34

Turkey, 18, 19

Tuscany, 88

Tyr, 42

Tysoe, Maryon, 167

UK, see Britain

Uller, 52

Underworld, 56

USA, 78, 79-80, 87, 121, 124, 133-4, 139, 141, 144-50 passim, 157-9, 161, 164, 165, 168, 169-70, 175

Utah, 170

utiseta, 48

Vala, 45

Valhalla, 45, 172

Valiente, Doreen, 12, 107, 125-30, 143, 146, 150, 213; and Cochrane, 130-3; and Gardner, 116, 119, 120

Vancouver, 97

Vanir, 44

Vanlandi, 51

Varagnac, Prof., 115

Varðlokur, see Warlock Song

Vecchia Religione, La, 88, 113

Veda, see Sanders, Maxine

Veleda, 35, 40

Venus, in magic, 202; Temple of Venus Celestial, 57

vervain, 27

Vespesian, reign of, 35

'The Villa of the Mysteries' (Macchioro), 113

vinegar, 21

Virginia, 145

virgins, 19, 21

visualization, 200

völva, 41, 45-6, 55

Voudoun (Voodoo), 45, 148

Vrau-elde, 52

Vulder, 52

Waldenses, 68, 69

Wales, 137, 170-1; Archbishop of Wales, 215; Prince of Wales, 172

Walpurgisnacht, 40, 86; see also May Eve

walrus, 47, 49, 50

Ward, Rev J., 125

Warlock Song, 47

Washington DC, 170

weasels, 33

web, imagery of, 23

Weber, Max, 217-9, 222

Welles, Orson, 145

Wenham, 78

Wenham, Jane, 80

werewolves, 23, 24, 27

Wessex, 64

Westcott, Dr Wynn, 90-1, 93

Weston-super-Mare, 91

Wewoka, 146

whales, 49, 50

Wharton, Alan, 141

Wheatley, Dennis, 126

White Goddess, The (Graves), 131

White Lady, 52

Wica, 104

wicca, 10

Wicca, 12, 102, 103-51 passim; see also witchcraft

wiccan, 64

Wiccaning, 190, 214

wiccecraeft, 64

wickerman, 38

wild boars, 16, 34, 49, 52

Wild Hunt, 40, 51-4

Wilde, Oscar, 117

Wilkinson, Louis, 117

will, concept of, 194-6

Williams, Most Revd Rowan, 215

Williamson, Cecil, 126

Wilson, Joseph, 134

Wilson, Monique, 144

wise women, 85, 87, 99

Witch Cult in Western Europe, The (Murray), 98-101 passim, 144

Witch Shop, 146

witch, representations of, 156, 213

witchcraft, accusation of, 9; witchcraft as Christian apostasy, 73; witchcraft as Christian heresy, 11, 40, 56, 65, 66-70, 73, 212; confession of witchcraft, 73, 81, 99; demographics of witchcraft, 156-71; detection of witchcraft, 71; etymology of witchcraft, 10; examination of accused, 75; feminism and witchcraft, 149-50, 165-6; witchcraft as fertility cult, 100, 103; geographic distribution of witchcraft, 169-71; group purpose of witchcraft, 176-7; laws against witchcraft, 58-63, 76-7, 212; mystical experience in witchcraft, 183-7, 213; nudity in witchcraft, 89, 90; numbers executed for crime of witchcraft, 74; organization of witchcraft, 171-7; persecution of witchcraft, 33, 55-82 passim, 212; punishment of witchcraft, 67, 71; reinterpretation of witchcraft, 11, 56, 85-90, 211; witchcraft as Satanism, 40, 51, 55, 177, 210; sexuality and witchcraft, 72, 96, 111-3; theology of witchcraft, 178-83, 213; trial procedure, 71, 73-4, 75

Witchcraft Research Association, 132

Witchcraft as a Science, 146

Witchcraft, The Sixth Sense - and Us (Glass), 132

Witchcraft Today (Gardner), 101, 106, 119, 144, 148, 166

Witches' Ball, 146

Witches of Eastwick, The (film), 165

Witches' League of Public Awareness, 146

Witches' Mill Museum of Magic and Witchcraft, 126, 144

Witches' Rune, the, 127

Wizard of Oz, The (film), 40

Woden, 32, 52; see also Odin

wolves, 23, 25, 32, 40, 43, 44, 49, 52

women, 16, 32, 33, 34-5; Crowley's views on women, 117; hatred of women(mysogyny), 61-2, 72; witchcraft and women, 65, 72, 96, 149-50, 211

Women's Spirituality Forum, 149

Women, Church, and State (Gage), 87

Woodford, Revd A.F.A, 90-1, 93

Woodman, Dr W.R., 90, 93

xenophrenia, 185, 186, 191, 213

'Ye Bok of Ye Art Magical', 107, 108, 109, 119

Yeats, W.B., 93

Ynglingsaga, 45, 51

Yoga, 92, 195, 216

York, Michael, 157, 158, 159, 165

Yorke, Gerald, 119

Zacharius, 61

Zeus, 17, 18, 21, 211

 

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