Witchology, the history of Wicca & Witchcraft

Study and learn the history of Witchcraft,
Wicca, Paganism, Magic and the Occult

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What is Witchcraft?

That's what this website is here to find out. Witchology.com is the website of WICA - the Witchcraft Information Centre and Archive - founded in 1999 as a research and education provider specialising in the areas of Witchcraft, Wicca, Paganism, Magic (Magick) and the Occult. We have been online continuously since 2000.

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Thanks to Leo Ruickbie and his staff for a wonderful learning experience. (Blogcritics.com, 2004)

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Recommended Books:

The Supernatural"The Supernatural is the perfect introduction to the world of all things eerie, inexplicable and otherworldly." - Jason Karl, Most Haunted

Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History"Witchcraft out of the Shadows: A Complete History is an engaging book which deserves to be the benchmark for all future analyses of the Craft." More

Faustus: The Life and Times of a Renaissance Magician"Dr Ruickbie has re-evaluated the Faust tradition from a position of authority. A work of meticulous scholarship that can be read as a gripping page-turner." More

Open Source WiccaHistories of the Barbarians: Vandals, Goths and FranksBeowulf in Anglo-Saxon and English Translation

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Legal Notice and Terms and Conditions of Use

As a user of this website you agree to and are bound by the following legal information. If you do not agree to these Terms and Conditions then you may not access this website.

Legal Notice

  1. Including, but not restricted to, any spells, amulets, herbs, recipes, all instructions, incantations, ingredients and methods (THE CONTENT) contained in, or referred to on Witchology.com also known as WICA.org.uk and WitchcraftInfo.info (THE WEBSITE) are for educational and reference purposes only. Neither LP Ruickbie nor WICA endorse, encourage, or otherwise recommend, the use of THE CONTENT, or guarantee, or in any way bear any responsibility for the results and effectiveness of THE CONTENT.
  2. LP Ruickbie and WICA reserve the right to make modifications or improvements to the products or services described in this document at any time and without notice.
  3. LP Ruickbie and WICA assume no responsibility for errors or omissions in this document. Nor do LP Ruickbie and WICA make any commitment to update the information contained herein.
  4. LP Ruickbie and WICA assume no responsibility or liability for errors resulting from third-party software or users' hardware.
  5. Other products and corporate names may be trademarks of other companies and are used only for explanation and to the owners' benefit, without intent to infringe.
  6. WICA and THE WEBSITE developed and copyright (c) 2000-2005 LP Ruickbie. All rights reserved. THE WEBSITE is protected by both United Kingdom and International Copyright laws and treaties. Any unauthorised use or actions relating to THE WEBSITE data could give rise to legal proceedings.

Terms and Conditions of Use

  1. By accessing or using Witchology.com also known as WICA.org.uk and WitchcraftInfo.info (THE WEBSITE) you agree to these Terms and Conditions of Use.
  2. LP Ruickbie reserves the right to change the Terms and Conditions of Use periodically at his sole discretion.
  3. When using particular materials from THE WEBSITE, you shall be subject to any posted guidelines or rules applicable to such material that may contain terms and conditions in addition to those in these Terms and Conditions of Use.
  4. If you breach any of the Terms and Conditions of Use, your authorisation to use THE WEBSITE automatically terminates and you must immediately destroy or return to WICA any materials downloaded or printed.


  5. GENERAL PRODUCT LICENCE. THE WEBSITE is intended solely for your personal and non-commercial home entertainment use. You may not decompile, reverse engineer, or disassemble THE WEBSITE, except as permitted by law. LP Ruickbie retains all right, title and interest in THE WEBSITE including all intellectual property rights embodied therein and derivatives thereof. THE WEBSITE, including, without limitation, all code, data structures, characters, images, sounds, text, screens, game play, derivative works and all other elements of THE WEBSITE may not be copied, re-sold, rented, leased, distributed (electronically or otherwise), or used for any commercial purpose. Any permissions granted herein are provided on a temporary basis and can be withdrawn by LP Ruickbie at any time. All rights not expressly granted are reserved. This licence excludes all material copyrighted and trademarked by third parties which are governed by their own terms and conditions of use and should be strictly adhered to.
  6. ACCEPTANCE OF LICENCE TERMS. By downloading or otherwise accessing THE WEBSITE, you assent to the terms and restrictions of this limited licence. If you do not accept the terms of this limited licence, you must desist from accessing THE WEBSITE.


  7. The materials on THE WEBSITE, including but not limited to, articles, images, videos, animations, multi-media features, software and accompanying documentation are protected by copyright and/or other intellectual property laws, and any unauthorised use of THE WEBSITE may violate such laws.
  8. LP Ruickbie owns and retains the copyrights to THE WEBSITE except as noted. LP Ruickbie does not grant you any express or implied right to any of the material on THE WEBSITE or any patents, copyright, trademarks or trade secret information with respect to THE WEBSITE.
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  11. Except as otherwise indicated elsewhere in these Terms of Use, you may view the materials available on THE WEBSITE subject to the following conditions.
  12. The material on THE WEBSITE is subject to copyright and is for personal and educational use only, and all rights to it are reserved. No part of the same may be reproduced or duplicated in any form or by any electronic or mechanical means, including information storage and retrieval systems, or distributed for commercial gain or profit without permission in writing from LP Ruickbie, Director@wica.org.uk. Members of educational institutions who wish to utilise portions of the material from THE WEBSITE for classroom use must obtain prior written permission from LP Ruickbie, Director of WICA.
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  15. THE WEBSITE does not claim ownership of Content you submit or make available for inclusion on THE WEBSITE and you remain legally responsible for such Content. However, with respect to Content you submit or make available for inclusion on publicly accessible areas of the Service, you grant THE WEBSITE the following world-wide, royalty free and non-exclusive licence(s), as applicable:
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  16. Except as expressly provided otherwise in a written agreement, between you and LP Ruickbie, all aspects of THE WEBSITE are provided to you "as is" without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of title, non-infringement, merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Without limiting the foregoing, LP Ruickbie makes no warranty that THE WEBSITE or your use of THE WEBSITE will a) meet your requirements, b) will be uninterrupted, timely, secure, or error free, c) will provide effective, accurate or reliable information d) will meet your expectations, e) any errors in THE WEBSITE will be corrected.
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  20. In no event shall LP Ruickbie be liable to you or any third party for any special, punitive, incidental, indirect or consequential damages of any kind, or any damages whatsoever, including, without limitation, those resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether or not LP Ruickbie has been advised of the possibility of such damages and on any theory of liability, whether in an action for breach of contract or warranty or tort (including negligence) arising out of or in connection with the information, software, web site or publication referenced to or linked to from THE WEBSITE.
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  23. You agree to indemnify and hold LP Ruickbie, including, but not limited to, his affiliates, distributors, resellers, partners, officers, agents and employees, harmless from any claim or demand, including reasonable legal fees, made by any third party due to or arising out of your use of THE WEBSITE, your connection to THE WEBSITE, your violation of these Terms of Use, or your violation of any rights of another person or entity.


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  28. Other products and corporate names may be trademarks of other companies and are used only for explanation and to the owners' benefit, without intent to infringe.


  29. LP Ruickbie and WICA reserve the right to make modifications or improvements to the product here described at any time and without notice.
  30. You agree to absolve LP Ruickbie and WICA from any blame whatsoever arising from connection time-outs, all interruptions to service and any other event that may prevent you from downloading or accessing THE WEBSITE, or any associated services.